Many cities of classical Greece established colonies and Alexander the Great of Macedon acquired a huge empire, spreading Greek culture throughout the Asian and Mediterranean kingdoms.
North of Macedonia
This was the region to the north of Macedonia. It reached from the western side of the Hellespont to just east of Philippi but the borders were not clearly defined. The inhabitants were a mixture of German, Celtic and Illyrian tribes that had been settled in the region long enough to be called Thracian. They were considered barbaric by the Greeks and Romans (who called the area 'Thracia')and never managed to organise against Rome. Part of Thrace was governed with Macedonia after the Attalid wars of succession ended in 129 BC. Under Roman occupation, the area was important as the Via Egnatia, the main Roman route from the Adriatic to the Hellespont, was built through it. The largest city was the old Greek colony of Byzantium.
|Gyges / Gugu||670-52|
|Odenathus||c 261 AD||Zenobia|
kingdom to the south of Syria near Persian Gulf (now Jordan)
|a Seleucid of Syria|
|Aretas||daughter of Demetrius Nicanor of Syria|
kingdom north of Euxine/Black Sea
Alexander the Great reached here with his armies and made contact with several native leaders who were given Greek names.
Ancient World index
This collection of names compiled by Kate Monk. Copyright January 1997, Kate Monk. Last updated May, 99. Copies may be made for personal use only.