Capital : Rabat
Size: 172 000 sq m Popn: 26 318
The strategic importance of the area at the mouth of the Mediterranean led to steady stream of conquerors from ancient times. This began with the Phoenicians, Romans, Byzantines and Vandals, progressed through Muslim Arabs (Moors), Spaniards, English and Portuguese and ended with the French.
Parts of the country came under the Islamic Almoravid Empire which lasted from 1050-1140 and the Almohad Empire (1140-1250) and from 1553-1912, it was ruled by Sharifian dynasties which destroyed the Songhay Empire in 1591. The Alouite ruler Moulay Ismael (1672-1727) expelled the English and Portuguese, reduced Spanish possessions and blocked the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.
Morocco managed to remain independent until 1912 when it was divided between the Spanish, who controlled the Mediterranean coast and the small territory of Ifni on the Atlantic, and the French who established the Protectorate of Morocco.
Nationalism came into the open after the second World War. Muhammed V took the country to independence in 1956 and was succeeded by Hassan II in 1961.
The religion is predominately Islam with some Christians and Jews. The official language, Arabic, competes with French, Berber, English and Spanish.
|Chiba||Chippo||El Brazi||El Guerroui||El Hadrioui||El Kamche|
|El Khalej||El Khattabi||Elfrougui||El-Gharrouj||El-Guerray||Filali|
This collection of names was compiled by Kate Monk and is ©1997, Kate Monk.
Copies may be made for personal use only.
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