The original Hittites were an Armenian/Anatolian people who founded several city-states in eastern Anatolia, of which one, Hatti, gained supremacy. In around 2000 BC, an Indo-European people invaded, made themselves the ruling class and intermarried with the natives. The Hittites developed advanced political, military and legal systems. The country occupied land North of the Tigris and Euphrates and on the Northern shores of the Mediterranean. The city of Hattusas (now Bogazkoy in central Turkey) became the capital of a strong kingdom which overthrew the Babylonian empire. There was a period of eclipse but the Hittite New Empire became a great power c 1400-1200 BC and fought a succesful war with Egypt. A peace treaty was concluded in 1269 BC but was eventually overthrown by the Sea Peoples, unidentified sea-faring warriors who may have been Achaean, Etruscan or Philistine. Small Hittite states arose in northern Syria, of which the most important was Charchemish (Karkamis in Turkey) which was conquered by Sargon II of Assyria in 717 BC.
|Labarnas||c 1680 BC|
|Hattusilis I||c 1650-20||Son of Labarnas|
|Mursilis II||1339-06||Son of Suppiluliumas I|
|Subjected to Assyria||709|
The Kings of the Mitanni acknowledged the Pharaoh as their overlord during much of the Egyptian Dynastic period. Their kingdom occupied most of the land between the Tigris and Euphrates until the defeat by the Hittites in the C14th BC destroyed it altogether.
This collection of names was compiled by Kate Monk and is ©1997, Kate Monk.
Copies may be made for personal use only.
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