|Archon Damasias||c 584|
|tyrant Pisistratus||c 560|
There were 12 lunar months so it was necessary to keep the lunar and solar calendars in phase. Each month began with the new moon and lasted until the next one.
Ethnarch town or city magistrate
In ancient times, this was a much larger area than modern Macedonia, stretching from the eastern Adriatic Coast to Epirus in the west. To the north, it was bordered by Moesia, to the south with Thessaly, to the east with Thrace with a narrow coastal strip reaching to the Hellespont. The original inhabitants were probably Germano-Celtic but after centuries of invasion they became mingled with people of Thracian, Illyrian and Dorian Greek origin.
The area had been divided into several small nations which were rarely at peace with each other but was united under one king by the mid C4th BC. Philip II and his son Alexander III (the Great) conquered a huge empire and spread Hellenic culture throughout the Mediterranean and Asia.
|Alexander I||c 450-310 BC|
|Perdiccas II||c 450-414|
|Craterus||399 4 days||killed Archelaus I|
|Orestes||399-6||son of Archelaus I|
|Aeropus II||396-2||killed Orestes|
|Pausanius||390-89||son of Aeropus II|
|Alexander II||369-8||son of Amyntas III|
|Ptolemy||368-7||killed Alexander II|
|Perdiccas III||367-359||son of Amyntas III|
infant son of Perdiccas III
|Philip II||359-336||son of Amyntas III||Olympias|
|Alexander III the Great||336-323||son of Philip II||1 Roxane 2 Stateira|
|Alexander IV||323-c310 killed by Cassander||son of Alexander III (1)|
|Philip III Arridaios||323-317 killed by Olympias||son of Philip II||Eurydike|
|Antigonous Monopthalmos||306-1||Alexander III's general|
|Demetrius Poliorcetes||306-283||son of Antigonous|
|Antigonous Gonatus||276-239||son of Demetrius|
|Antigonous Doson||- 221|
|Philip V||221-179||adopted by Antigonous Doson|
|Perseus||179-||son of Philip V|
There were normally two dynasties of kings, one to rule at home and one to command the army abroad.
|Leonidas||491-80||Half-brother of Demaratus|
|Agis III||- 331|
Dynastic title Midas
Ancient World index
This collection of names compiled by Kate Monk. Copyright January 1997, Kate Monk. Last updated July, 98. Copies may be made for personal use only.
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