Kate Monk's Onomastikon

(Dictionary of Names)

Pakistan (West Pakistan)

Capital : Islamabad

Punjab, Baluchistan, North West Frontier, Sind

Size: 307 000 sq m Popn: 115 520 000


In the C7th AD, the Islamic religion was founded by Muhammad in the Arab peninsula. In 712, it was brought to the West Coast of India by Arab invaders and raids by Turkish chiefs spread it in the North during the C11th and C12th. The Delhi sultanate, founded in 1206, gradually acquired huge amounts of land and Islamic influence reached its height with the Mogul Empire founded by Baber in 1526. In 1701, the death of Aurangzeb led to the fragmentation of Empire and the British steadily took over.

In 1930, the name 'Pakistan' was coined for the proposed Muslim division of British India. It is made up of the elements pak 'pure' and stan 'land' and also refers to the Muslim parts of the Indian Subcontinent - Punjab, Afghan North West Frontier, Kashmir, Sind and Baluchistan. Fear of the Hindu majority increased demand for a separate state by 1940 and led to a delay in the granting of independence to India. In 1947, British India was divided into the two dominions of India and Pakistan with Mohammad Ali Jinnah as the first leader of Pakistan, which comprised the two geographically separate areas of West Pakistan and East Pakistan. Jinnah died in 1948 and the country remained a dominion with the British monarch as head of state until a republic was declared in 1956. In 1958, General Muhammad Ayub Khan took power in a military coup and the constitution was abrogated.

There was rapid economic growth during the 1960s but tensions grew between the two halves as East Pakistan was demographically dominant. Serious strikes and riots led to General Ayub Khan being replaced by General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan. Elections were held in 1970 with Sheik Mujib ur-Rahman's Awami League, which proposed autonomy, taking East Pakistan and the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) gaining a majority in West Pakistan. In 1971, the East declared independence and formed the republic of Bangladesh. Yahya Khan resigned and power passed to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who brought in a new federal parliamentary constitution in 1973 and began a socialist programme of land reform and nationalization. He was based in Sind and during the 1970s, regional opposition grew, especially from Baluchistan and the Pathans who wanted an independent Pakhtoonistan, but he won the 1977 election. He was accused of ballot rigging and months of violent riots resulted.

In 1977, the army chief of staff, Punjabi Muslim General Zia ul-Haq, took power in a bloodless coup, imposing martial law and hanging Bhutto on charges of murder in 1979. He restricted political activity, introduced a more fundamental Islamic policies and arrested hundreds of opposition politicians when they campaigned for a return to parliamentary government. After 1982, Zia began to allow more civilians into his government and a referendum of 1984 was in favour of the Islamization process. After direct, non-party elections in 1985, a civilian cabinet was formed, martial law was lifted and the constitution amended to allow political parties. The Pagaro faction of the Pakistan Muslim League, led by Mohammad Khan Junejo formed a government subservient to General Zia.

In 1986, Benazir Bhutto, leader of the PPP and daughter of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, returned from London and campaigned for open elections. Riots were put down by troops and PPP leaders arrested. The state of the economy grew worse and in 1988 Zia dismissed Junejo government, promising elections within 90 days, and decreed that the Shari'a, the Islamic legal code, would become the country's supreme law. A month later, he and senior army officers died in a plane crash, suspected to be sabotage, and Ghulam Ishaq Khan, chair of the Senate, became president. Multi-party elections produced a coalition between the PPP, the largest single party, and the Mohajir National Movement (MQM) and Benazir Bhutto became prime minister, with Ghulam Ishaq Khan re-elected president. The administration promised a free market economy, and to leave the military budget untouched but the MQM withdrew from the coalition in October 1989 and joined the opposition, the Islamic Democratic Alliance (IDA). Bhutto's government survived a vote of no confidence but was dismissed by the president in August 1990 after accusations of corruption, incompetence and abuse of power.

In November 1990, the opposition swept to power and Nawaz Sharif, who had been Bhutto's chief minister of the Punjab province, became prime minister. The IDA won 105 out of the 207 seats (the PPP took 45) and gained control of three of the four regional assemblies, Sind remaining pro-Bhutto. Sharif promised a free market and the PPP supported some of his social reforms but not the 'Islamic welfare state' proposed by the Shari'a bill of 1991. He tried to bring in a programme of deregulation and privatization but this was prevented by labour unrest, terrorism and a financial scandal which involed members of Sharif's family and the government.

Throughout its existence, Pakistan has had border disputes with India and there were wars over Kashmir in 1965 and East Pakistan in 1971. The shared hostility to India has led to an alliance with China and close relations with the USA developed during the 1970s. It provided support for the US-backed rebels in Afghanistan and sent troops to Saudi Arabia to protect Islamic shrines during the Gulf War although there was considerable anti-American feeling within the country. The US suspended military aid in 1991 when it learnt that Pakistan was developing nuclear capability.


Indian Muslim, Pakistani and Bangladeshi names are mostly of Arabic origin with some Persian (Farsee) borrowings.


Aamir Abbas Abdul Hafeez Abdul Hakeen Abdul Hakim Abdul Hamid
Abdul Jabbar Abdul Karim Abdul Latif Abdul Majid Abdul Qadir Abdul Rahim
Abdul Rahman Abdul Razzad Abdul Razzaq Abdul Rehman Abdul Salam Abdullah
Abdur Rahim Abdur Rahman Abdur Rashid Abdur Razzad Abdur Razzaq Abdur Salam
Abdus Salam Abid Aftab Afzal Afzul Aga
Agha Ahmad Ajaz Akbar Alam Ali
Allahbukhsh Allahditta Allahrakha Amin Amirr Amjad
Anis Anwar Arshad Asad Ashraf Asif
Avid Ayub Azhar Aziz Babar Baber
Badar Bahadur Baqar Bashir Bazid Bhasin
Bilal Busuttil Danish Daud Din Dost
Ebrahim Esmail Fahim Faiz Fajahat Fakhruddin
Faradur Fareed Farook Farooq Faruq Firdaus
Firdos Firdose Firdoze Firoz Gabir Galal
Ghulam Guda Gulzar Habib Hafiz Haidar
Hamid Hanif Harun Hasan Hashim Haydar
Humayun Husain Husnan Hussain Hussein Hyat
Ibraheem Idris Ijaz Iman Imran Inam
Inzamam Iqbal Irfan Isa Ishtaq Ismail
Jabber Jafar Jaffar Jaffer Jahangir Jamal
Jameel Jamil Jan Jan Muhammad Javaid Javed
Jhanda Juda Kadir Kala Kamil Karim
Kazi Khaleel Khalid Khalig Khalil Khurshid
Khwaja Kudrat Kuukburi Lateef Latif Liaqat
Mabarak Mahmood Majid Mangal Mansoor Maroof
Maslama Masood Mazur Mehmood Mehmud Merdasan
Mirza Mohsin Moin Mostafa Mudasser Muhammed
Muhsin Mujtaba Mukhtar Muneer Munir Mushtaq
Nabibukhsh Nadim Nadir Naim Nasir Naveed
Nazar Nazir Niaz Noor Omar Osman
Parvaiz Pir Piyan Qabir Qadir Qalander
Qasim Rafee Rafi Rafiq Rahim Rahman
Rajab Rajah Rana Rao Rashid Raza
Razak Rezaul Riaz Riza Rizwan Roshan
Sabir Saeed Safdar Saiyid Saklain Salah
Salim Sami Sanaul Saqlain Sarar Sardar
Sarfaraz Sartaj Shabbir Shadaf Shafee Shafgat
Shafi Shafiq Shah Shaheed Shahid Shahjahan
Shahnawaz Shahzad Shakil Shakir Shamim Shamshad
Sharafat Sharif Shaukat Shawal Sher Shoiab
Shokat Shouket Shuja Sofian Sufyan Suhail
Sulaiman Sultan Syed Tahir Tamwar Taqi
Tariq Tofeeq Uddin Umar Usman Waqar
Wasim Womiq Yahya Yaqub Yasin Yasruddin
Yazid Younes Younis Yunis Yunus Yusuf
Zafar Zahid Zahir Zahoor Zakaria Zaman
Zamir Zayyad Zia Zulfikkur    


Abida Adala Afra Ahlam Aisha Ambreen
Amel Amina Aminah Arub Asma Ayesha
Azhar Azra Bano Benazir Bibi Bushra
Chunna Daliya Durrah Ethibal Fahmida Faiza
Farah Fareeda Faridah Fatima Fatma Fayza
Fizza Habiba Inas Jamila Jehan Kamilah
Khalida Madar Marriba Massima Mehjibin Miah
Mirvat Nadimah Nadira Nahid Najmah Nareeman
Nasha Nasimah Nasreen Nasrin Nivin Noor
Parveen Parvin Parwin Rabab Rabiah Radhika
Rana Rashida Rezeya Roshan Roshanara Rubel
Saba Saeeda Safia Salima Salma Sara
Satta Seeta Seetha Shahinaz Shahnaz Shamim
Shamshad Sharnaz Shazia Shirin Simi Sugharan
Sultana Uncu Yasmin Zahra Zaibunissa Zainab
Zakia Zakiyya Zarina Zeenat Zinah Zubaida


These are generally patronymics but religious types such as Mohammed or Islam occur. The following are all full names of real people, mostly cricketers!

Abdul-Hafeez Kardar Abdul Qadir Abid Ali Afaq Hussain
Aftab Gul Alim-ud-Din Amir Elahi Arif Butt
Asad J Khan Asif Ahmed Asif Iqbal Asif Masood
Atta-ur-Rahman Azmat Rana Dilawar Hussain Fakir Syed Aizazuddin
Fasihuddin Fazal Mahmood Fida Hussain Ghazali
Ghulam Abbas Ghulam Mahomed Gul Mahomed Hafeez
Hanif Mohammad Haseeb Ahsan Ijaz Ahmed Ijaz Butt
Ikram Elahi Imran Khan Imtiaz Ahmed Inshan Ali
Intikhab Ali Inzamam-al-Haq Jahangir Khan Javed Akhtar
Javed Miandad K Salam-ud-din Karim Ibadulla Khalid Hassan
Khalid Wazir Khan Mohammad Mahmood Hussain Mahomed Nissar
Majid Jahangir Khan Maqsood Ahmed Mohammad Aslam Mohammad Farooq
Mohammad Ilyas Mohsin Kamal Mudassar Nazar Mulla
Mushtaq Ali Mushtaq Mohammad Nasim-ul-Ghani Naushad Ali
Niaz Ahmed Pervej Sajjad Phadkar Raza Hussain
S Nasir Ali Sadiq Mohammad Saeed Ahmed Salahuddin
Salim Altaf Salim Malik Sarfraz Nawaz Shafquat Husain
Shafquat Rana Shahid Mahmood Shakoor Ahmed Shoiab Mohammad
Shuja-ud-Din Waqar Ahmed Waqar Hassan Waqar Younis
Wasim Akram Wasim Bari Wazir Mohammad Younis Ahmed
Zaheer Abbas Zulfikar Ahmed    

Pathan (Khan)

These are male names which occur with the second name 'Khan'.

Akbar Amenoolah Ayub Daud Futteh Ghulam
Gurdana Ilderim Imran Jahangir Jansher Kathe
Lakshman Maka Makarram Mansur Moin Rabnawaz
Rafik Rostom Shadman Shamsuddin Sifarish Yakub

This collection of names was compiled by Kate Monk and is ©1997, Kate Monk.

Copies may be made for personal use only.

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